Sead Dzigal

Sead Dzigal is a doctor of political science and a university professor at the International Balkan University (MBU) in Skopje at the Faculty of Communications. He received his doctorate at the Iustinianus Primus Faculty of Law in Skopje, on a dissertation in the field of political communications entitled "The political public sphere in the era of online media". He is active in the sphere of culture and publishing and is a member of the editorial board of the magazine "Cultural Life". In the field of media and communications, he worked on research and educational projects in the areas of media literacy, monitoring the work of the public broadcasting service and media regulatory bodies, open educational resources, online extremism, hate speech, media ethics, self-regulation in the media, and others.

The trivialization of hate speech in Macedonia

Sead Dzigal


The non-sanctioning of this type of speech leads to repetition, dissemination and abuse of these anomalies as a kind of "normalized" manner of political struggle against individuals and groups with different...